The Power of Attention: Magic & Meditation in Hebrew "shiviti" Manuscript Art
The Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life
Wednesday 2/8/2017 2:56 AM
On View: Now to Jun 23, 2017
Every week, Tuesday-Friday, 11am-4pm, during the UC Berkeley Fall and Spring Semesters.
Created from the early-modern period and into the present, shiviti manuscripts are found in Hebrew prayer books, ritual textiles, and on the walls of synagogues and homes throughout the Jewish diaspora. Wrestling with ways to externalize the presence of God in Jewish life, these documents center upon the graphic representation of God's ineffable four-letter Hebrew name, the Tetragrammaton, and associate it with words and imageries that evoke mystical powers, protective energy, and angels, as well as key places and characters in Biblical and Jewish history.
Deciphering the content of a shiviti manuscript, or simply classifying it within the realm of Jewish cultural production, is a fascinating puzzle for today's scholars. Research on these documents encompasses the analysis of biblical and prayer texts, magical formulas, visual motifs, and various modalities of material culture across the Jewish world. The very presence, and use, of the shiviti in such varied contexts as individual and communal prayer, the celebration of life cycle events, and the production of (and demand for) amulets for personal and household protection, opens new paths in the understanding of the role of text in Jewish culture. The persistence of these documents in Jewish life attests to the ongoing beliefs in the power and efficacy of magic and meditation that accompany the more normative aspects of Judaism as we know it.
The exhibition highlights a selection of shiviti manuscripts, books, amulets and textiles from The Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life. The display is accompanied by new media art created especially for this project by Greg Niemeyer, as well as by resources and quotations that allow viewers to penetrate the elaborate textual and visual elements, while also experiencing the inherent power of the unique cultural objects on view.
This project explores the power of textual and visual motifs in a selection of documents, manuscripts, prints, textiles, and ritual objects that are part of The Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life and that were collected in South and Central Asia, North Africa, and Europe. By leveraging a multidisciplinary approach to the artifacts of Jewish culture, the exhibition integrates the collective research efforts of a team of curators, graduate and undergraduate students, and the contributions of colleagues from Jewish Studies, Art Practice, the Berkeley Center for New Media, and Digital Humanities at Berkeley.
Francesco Spagnolo, Curator
Zoe Lewin, Curatorial Assistant
Greg Niemeyer, Department of Art Practice, GIF Collider animation
Yosef Rosen, Magnes Graduate Fellow 2015-2016
Julie Franklin, Registrar
Ernest Jolly, Head Preparator
Gordon Chun Design
Major support for The Magnes comes from the Helzel Family Foundation, the Magnes Museum Foundation, the Koret Foundation, the Walter & Elise Haas Fund, The Magnes Leadership Circle, and The Office of the Chancellor at the University of California, Berkeley.
Research for The Power of Attention was made possible in part by funds and resources provided by the Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program (URAP). Digital documentation and research for this project was supported by a generous grant from Digital Humanities at Berkeley, University of California, Berkeley. Support for the installation of this exhibition was underwritten by an anonymous donor.